R2 hub router interface Serial1/0  no ip address  encapsulation frame-relay  serial restart-delay 0 interface Serial1/0.102 point-to-point  ip address  frame-relay interface-dlci 102 end interface Serial1/0.103 multipoint  ip address  ip ospf priority 10  frame-relay interface-dlci 103  frame-relay interface-dlci 104 end router ospf 1  router-id  log-adjacency-changes  passive-interface default  no passive-interface Serial1/0.102  no passive-interface … Continue reading OSPF over NBMA

OSPF: A note about OSPF authentication

Interface level command ip ospf authentication message-digest (Enable MD5 authentication) ip ospf message-digest-key 1 md5 cisco ip ospf authentication (Enable clear text authentication) ip ospf authentication-key cisco OSPF authentication type Type 0: Null, no authentication Command: ip ospf authentication null Type 1: Clear text Command: ip ospf authentication Type 2: MD5 hash authentication Command: ip … Continue reading OSPF: A note about OSPF authentication

Connecting Enterprise hub to other enterprise spokes over NBMA (frame-relay)

The original design intention is not to advertise routes using ospf over NBMA network, it is not necessary for this case. However for Buona Vista HQ to be able to reach the two sites, I need entries in the routing table to let other routers know the road map to reach. A way is to … Continue reading Connecting Enterprise hub to other enterprise spokes over NBMA (frame-relay)

OSPF: non-broadcast multiaccess (point-to-multipoint type)

RFC2328 compliant (point-to-multipoint type) 1. RFC2328 compliant mode. 2. No DR and BDR is/are needed. 3. Multicast OSPF hello packet is sent to discover neighbours. 4. Typically for partial mesh or star topology.   Debug output of 2651-4 2651-4# *Mar  3 11:26:39.841: OSPF: Interface Serial0/0.301 going Up *Mar  3 11:26:39.841: OSPF: Send hello to … Continue reading OSPF: non-broadcast multiaccess (point-to-multipoint type)

OSPF: non-broadcast multaccess network (broadcast type)

OSPF using broadcast network type over NBMA 1. Uses multicast (, AllSPFRouter multicast) to automatically discover neighbours, no need to use neighbor command for OSPF router to send hello via unicast. 2. Cisco mode. (non RFC2328-compliant) 3. DR and BDR will be elected. 4. Typically full mesh or partial mesh topology. 5. Hello is sent … Continue reading OSPF: non-broadcast multaccess network (broadcast type)

OSPF: non-broadcast multiaccess network (non-broadcast type)

OSPF network types 1. Point-to-point: Network between a pair of routers. 2. Broadcast multiaccess: If you connect the routers to a switch, the switch is broadcast capable. OSPF over EoMPLS behaves the same as broadcast multiaccess, OSPF routers do not know the existence of EoMPLS at all. DR is required, BDR can be elected if … Continue reading OSPF: non-broadcast multiaccess network (non-broadcast type)